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Tipo: bachelorThesis
Título : Conocimiento control y evaluación del fitoplancton en la piscina camaronera Santa María
Autor : Elizalde Moncada, Doris Patricia
Director(es): Velasco Mayor, Matilde
Palabras clave : EVALUACIÓN;FITOPLANCTON;CAMARONERA
Fecha de publicación : 2012
Editorial : Machala : Universidad Técnica de Machala
Tipo de Licencia : openAccess
Licencia: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ec/
Citación : Elizalde Moncada, D. P. (2012) Conocimiento control y evaluación del fitoplancton en la piscina camaronera Santa María (tesis de pregrado). UTMACH, Unidad Académica de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Machala, Ecuador.
Identificador: TUACA-2012-IAC-CD625
Paginas: 64 p.
Resumen : camaronera “Santa María” ubicada en el Km13.5 vía a Guarumal, Cantón-Machala, Provincia-El Oro, fue monitoreada durante los meses de Octubre-Noviembre-Diciembre, tomando semanalmente muestras a nivel de columna de agua (Superficie-Medio-Fondo) en tres puntos de la piscina (Compuerta de Entrada-Centro de Piscina- Compuerta de Salida). Parámetros adicionales del agua como pH, turbidez, salinidad, oxígeno, temperatura se tomaron. Las muestras recolectadas fueron conservadas y preservadas con formol al 5%, donde posteriormente se las transportó al Laboratorio de Análisis “El Acuacultor” ubicado en Puerto Bolívar - El Oro, siendo analizadas cualitativa y cuantitativamente. Con el análisis cualitativos obtuvimos resultados en que los organismos fitoplanctónicos que se presentaron en mayor predominancia en la piscina camaronera fueron: en el Grupo de la Diatomeas: Navícula brasieliensis, Navícula radiosa y Nitzchia acicularis; y en el Grupo de las Cianophytas: Oscillatoria. Los porcentajes de las Clases Fitoplanctónicas encontradas (Compuerta de Entrada – Centro de Piscina – Compuerta de Salida) en la camaronera “Santa María” son: Diatomeas 48%, Cianophytas 41% y Clorophytas 11%. Mientras que en el análisis cuantitativo del Fitoplancton se observó lo siguientes resultados: Compuerta de Entrada con 58041 cel/ml, el Centro de Piscina con cel/ml y la Compuerta de Salida con 64649 cel/ml. En el análisis porcentual a nivel de columna de agua se determinó que en el fondo predominó con mayor porcentaje de concentración fitoplanctónica, representando las Diatomeas un 57% en la Compuerta de Salida seguida de las Cianophytas con el 48% en la Compuerta de Entrada y las Clorophytas con el 8% en el Centro de Piscina y con el mismo valor en la Compuerta de Salida de la piscina. Aplicando estadística descriptiva se utilizó el diseño de análisis de varianza ANOVA de una vía con tres tratamientos mediante la prueba de Tukey-Kramer a p 0,05 para establecer la varianza en los incrementos fitoplanctónicos entre los puntos referidos, dando como resultado que no hay diferencia significativa entre las medias.The knowledge, control and evaluation of phytoplankton of the shrimp pond "Santa María" located on the road to Guarumal km 13.5, Canton-Machala, El Oro Province, was monitored during the months of October-November-December, taking samples weekly at level of column of water (Surface – Middle – Bottom) at three points of the pond ( Input of Gate - Center of Pond - Output of Gate ). Additional parameters such as water pH, turbidez, salinity, oxygen, temperature were takes. The collected samples were conserveds and preserveds with formol to 5%, after was transporteds to the Laboratory of Analysis "The Acuacultor" located in Puerto Bolívar – El Oro, being analyzed qualitative and quantitatively. With the qualitative analysis the phytoplankton had greater predominance in the shrimp pond of such mode: Group of Diatomeas: Navícula brasieliensis, Navícula radiosa and Nitzchia acicularis; and Group of Cianophytas: Oscillatoria. The percentages of phytoplankton (Input of Gate - Center of Pond - Output of Gate) in the shrimp pond "Santa María" was: Diatomeas 48%, Cianophytas 41% and Clorophytas 11%. While in the quantitative analysis of the phytoplankton it was observed the following results: Input of Gate with 58 041 cells/ml, Center of Pond with 51 433 cells/ml and the Output of Gate with 64 649 cells/ml. In the percentage analysis at level of column of water was determined that in the bottom it prevailed with most high concentration of phytoplankton, representing the Diatomeas 57% in the Output gate followed by Cianophytas with 48% in the Input gate and the Clorophytas with 8% in the Center of pond and with the same value at the Output of gate. Applying descriptive statistic the design of variance analysis ANOVA of a road was used with three treatments by means of the test from Tukey-Kramer at p 0, 05 to establish the variance in the increments of phytoplankton among the referred points, giving as result that there exist not significant difference between the means. El Conocimiento, control y evaluación del fitoplancton de la piscina.
Descripción : The knowledge, control and evaluation of phytoplankton of the shrimp pond "Santa María" located on the road to Guarumal km 13.5, Canton-Machala, El Oro Province, was monitored during the months of October-November-December, taking samples weekly at level of column of water (Surface – Middle – Bottom) at three points of the pond ( Input of Gate - Center of Pond - Output of Gate ). Additional parameters such as water pH, turbidez, salinity, oxygen, temperature were takes. The collected samples were conserveds and preserveds with formol to 5%, after was transporteds to the Laboratory of Analysis "The Acuacultor" located in Puerto Bolívar – El Oro, being analyzed qualitative and quantitatively. With the qualitative analysis the phytoplankton had greater predominance in the shrimp pond of such mode: Group of Diatomeas: Navícula brasieliensis, Navícula radiosa and Nitzchia acicularis; and Group of Cianophytas: Oscillatoria. The percentages of phytoplankton (Input of Gate - Center of Pond - Output of Gate) in the shrimp pond "Santa María" was: Diatomeas 48%, Cianophytas 41% and Clorophytas 11%. While in the quantitative analysis of the phytoplankton it was observed the following results: Input of Gate with 58 041 cells/ml, Center of Pond with 51 433 cells/ml and the Output of Gate with 64 649 cells/ml. In the percentage analysis at level of column of water was determined that in the bottom it prevailed with most high concentration of phytoplankton, representing the Diatomeas 57% in the Output gate followed by Cianophytas with 48% in the Input gate and the Clorophytas with 8% in the Center of pond and with the same value at the Output of gate. Applying descriptive statistic the design of variance analysis ANOVA of a road was used with three treatments by means of the test from Tukey-Kramer at p 0, 05 to establish the variance in the increments of phytoplankton among the referred points, giving as result that there exist not significant difference between the means.
URI : http://repositorio.utmachala.edu.ec/handle/48000/1866
Aparece en las colecciones: Tesis Acuacultura

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